Grade Levels

Forces and Motion

Forces and Motion

Students explore Newton’s Laws of Motion.

Students conduct experiments to measure gravitational forces, frictional forces, and force produced by simple machines. Equipment includes picket fence and photo gate gravity tester, incline planes, levers, weights, and pulleys.

Lesson 1: Pushes and Pulls

Students explore push and pull forces. Students identify and demonstrate push and pull forces.

Lesson 2: Newton's First Law - Inertia

Students will explore Newton's First of Motion also known as the Law of Inertia. Students conduct test to verify the law of inertia. Students write reports explaining their test methods and result.

Lesson 3: Newton's Second Law - F = ma

Students learn Newton's Second Law of Motion. Students use Newton's Second Law to calculate force, mass and acceleration. Students conduct tests of moving objects that apply Newton's Second Law.

Lesson 4: Newton's Third Law - Action Reaction

Students explore Newton's Third Law of Motion. Students conduct tests to demonstrate Newton's Third Law.

Lesson 5: Gravity

Students explore gravitational force. Students conduct tests to determine freefall acceleration due to gravity. Students use the freefall acceleration to the force of gravity acting on an object.

Lesson 6: Simple Machines

Students explore mechanical advantage and the six simple machines. Students conduct tests to determine or verify the formula for mechanical advantage of each simple machine.

Lesson 7: Momentum

Students explore momentum. Students determine the mass and velocity of moving objects and use this data to calculate the momentum

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