Grade Levels



Students explore the properties of light, sound, and mechanical waves. Students determine the frequency and amplitude of mechanical waves. Students observe the effects of wave properties on optics and acoustics. Equipment and materials include prisms, springs, tuning forks, light meters, and color filters.

Lesson 1: Waves vs. Particles

Students define waves and explain the difference between a wave and a particle. Students generate, observe, and describe waves in various mediums.

Lesson 2: The Wave Function

Students investigate various aspects of the wave function including amplitude, frequency, and wavelength. Students measure the different characteristics of several different waves.

Lesson 3: The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Students investigate the electromagnet spectrum. Students use prisms to separate white light into its various wavelengths.

Lesson 4: Sound Waves

Students learn about the nature of sound waves, including how they travel through various mediums. They also investigate sound waves and the way we hear them, including in the area of music. Students explore how the frequency and amplitude of a sound wave effects what we hear. Students will produce and measure sound waves of different frequencies and amplitudes.

Lesson 5: Mechanical Waves

Students will explore mechanical waves and the effect they can have on material. Students test, measure, and observe the effects of physical waves.

Lesson 6: Refraction and Reflection

Students explore refraction and reflection of various types of waves. Students conduct tests to observe refraction and reflection of light, sound, and mechanical waves.

Request more information